Responsibility and Sustainability <p>Responsibility and Sustainability is a international scientific journal in on-line format publishing English/Spanish/Portuguese written original articles, theoretical developments and case reports in the fields of responsibility and/or sustainability. Relevant research notes, PhD reviews and book reviews are also welcome. The main objective of the publication is to foster the study of those topics related to the above fields from a multidisciplinary perspective and provide a forum for researchers and practitioners interested in examining these issues from practical and theoretical viewpoints. Establishing and sharing a common vocabulary to discuss on methods, procedures, results and experiences will improve the exchange of ideas among authors and readers of varied backgrounds.</p> en-US (José Luis Vazquez-Burguete) (Luis Camilo Ortigueira-Sánchez) Sun, 03 Mar 2024 23:10:14 +0000 OJS 60 Editorial <p>Editorial</p> José Luis Vazquez-Burguete, Luis Camilo Ortigueira-Sánchez Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 03 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The dual role of corporate social responsibility of the media in Puno (Comparative 2015 and 2021) <p>The purpose of the research is to compare the practices of the dual role of corporate social responsibility of the media in Puno in the years 2015 and 2021. As for methodology, it corresponds to comparative descriptive research of eight media in Puno (Peru) that in addition to being the ones with the largest audience, they develop social responsibility practices from a dual role that considers aspects of Corporate Social Responsibility specific to the media sector and Corporate Social Responsibility common to all sectors. The instrument used was the one proposed by the New Journalism Foundation (2008), filled out by the managers of the media under study. The results show, regarding the first role, that the media, as a result of the health crises, have generated content mainly about the global pandemic caused by covid-19; likewise, it is evidenced that, within the specific aspects of the media sector, both in 2015 and 2021 there is a preeminence of "Freedom of expression". On the second role, health also prevailed, there is agreement that in the years 2015 and 2021, environmental impact, human rights, and impact on society were predominant. It is concluded that the duality of roles has been accentuated in the agenda on SARS-CoV-2 in the year 2021, on the other hand, practices or actions of social responsibility of the media sector in Puno are consolidated relatively more stable in the second role.</p> Yudi Janeh Yucra-Mamani Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 03 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Responsible consumption reflected in the 2030 sustainable development goalsand in the actions of B companies in Uruguay during COVID-19 <p>This article focuses on the role played by companies during the Covid-19 pandemic, specifically B companies, that is, those strongly committed to meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 2030) and in particular Goal 12. These types of companies have become a strong bet to help overcome the negative effects of the health crisis due to their innovative business model focused on the creation of quality employment, positively influencing other companies and social actors, in their strong commitment to improving community problems and achieving a positive impact on the environment. These provide a fundamental contribution to achieving responsible consumption due to a novel production model. The objective of this research is, therefore, to know the advantages of becoming a B company during a crisis such as Covid-19 and to investigate its actions towards the community in this context, taking into account the goals of objective 12. of the ODS on responsible production and consumption. To achieve the stated objectives, bibliographic and field research has been carried out between 2020 and 2022. The methodological approach used has been a mixed type. At the close of this study, it has been possible to verify how during the Covid-19 pandemic there was a greater commitment by some Uruguayan companies to certify as B due not only to the advantages obtained with it but also due to the fact of betting on a sustainable business model with a strong impact on the generation of quality employment and also on the community and its own workers, thus following the path of responsible production and consumption established in SDG 12.</p> Silvia Facal Santiago Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 03 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Sustainable development: from its antecedents to the MDGs, SDGs and GLGs <p>This paper analyses documentary sources on the formal antecedents of the concept of sustainable development as proposed by the United Nations in the document <em>“Our Common Future”</em> or <em>Brundtland Report</em> and its evolution towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and Good Living Goals (GLGs) to establish a chronology of the relevant events determining the policies and actions that are currently carried out, as well as to get an adequate referential framework for future research on this topic. The analysis of the compiled information indicates that the formal antecedents of the concept date back to 1965, when the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) was established by merging the pre-existing Extended Programme of Technical Assistance (from 1949) and Special Fund (from 1958). Later on, the first formal use of the term occurred in an official document from 1969 promoted by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The chronological presentation of relevant events makes it possible to highlight the leadership of the United Nations, its agencies or departments in this area –before and after the appearance of the concept–, together with the also relevant role of other organisations, namely different European instances.</p> José Luis Vázquez-Burguete , Ana Lanero-Carrizo , César Sahelices-Pinto, José Luis Vázquez-García, José María Vázquez-García , María Purificación García-Miguélez Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 03 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 How do graduate academics promote social responsibility in their work? <p>In the development of the project “Applied Ethics and Education” from the National Autonomous University of Mexico, we considered relevant to study the issue of the social responsibility of the universities. This interest is based on the importance of the mission traditionally attributed to higher education institutions and the existence of a business model that privileges the capitalization of knowledge. Faced with this reality, the question was asked to a group of postgraduate academics: how do you promote social responsibility in your work? We employed a qualitative research, in which a questionnaire of open questions, and a content analysis was used through which a great diversity of strategies was identified that was organized into four categories: Search for social relevance, Relationship with students, Ethics and Values, and Dissemination of the academic work. These results were compared with the literature analysis carried out, and in this way the importance of the strong relation between the university and the communities was confirmed. The role played by postgraduate professors and researchers was also emphasized, so that, through their work, they respond to the diversity of social problems and can contribute to the construction of a more just and inclusive society.</p> Douglas Izarra Vielma , Ana Hirsch Adler Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 03 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The impact of rhino poaching on the accountability disclosures of a state-funded conservation organisation <p>The unprecedented growth in the illegal wildlife trade has created a serious challenge for conservation in Africa. Governments around the world often create entities to protect species and preserve biodiversity in their respective countries. Despite numerous interventions to conserve the world’s threatened rhino populations and reduce incidents of rhino poaching, poaching of the world’s rhino populations continue, especially in South Africa. Descriptive and inferential statistics are used to analyze and compare rhino-related disclosures with rhino poaching trends, to identify possible correlations between incidents of rhino poaching and rhino-related, and to establish differences between the periods between 2006 to 2015 (covered in Ackers, 2019) and the subsequent period from 2016 to 2021. Unlike the period from 2006 to 2015 where several rhino-related keywords were strongly correlated with rhino poaching incidents, no correlations were detected from 2016 to 2021. Although incidents of rhino poaching decreased, SANParks appear to have strategically increased its anti-poaching advocacy by retaining high levels of disclosures about rhino-related issues, demonstrating how it has discharged its biodiversity-related mandate. Using the same mixed-methods research approach and similar data, this paper extends the Ackers (2019) study, which examined how South African National Parks (SANParks), by including the disclosures from 2016 to 2021.</p> Barry Ackers Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 04 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Female entrepreneurship and mindfulness: a transnational study between Spain and Ecuador <p>Although female entrepreneurship is increasingly gaining more prominence in society, there are certain obstacles that slow down its evolution. These obstacles include contextual ones such as lack of visibility, ecological ones, which hinder access to funding, and soft ones related to self-confidence or other psychological barriers. In this sense, mindfulness helps to overcome some of these barriers by developing non-judgmental behavior and bringing attention to the present, improving awareness, empathy, compassion, and self-observation, and helping the individual to recognize and evaluate new business opportunities. This study aims to examine the role of women in entrepreneurship from a cross-national perspective, and to analyze the extent to which the level of mindfulness influences entrepreneurial attitude. To this end, an empirical study was carried out in which 105 questionnaires were obtained from Spanish and Ecuadorian women. The results show that the level of mindfulness and the female entrepreneurial attitude are positively correlated. However, although a difference in the level of mindfulness is observed in favor of Ecuadorian women, there are no differences in the entrepreneurial attitude between the two countries.</p> Sara Herrada-Lores, Mª Ángeles Iniesta-Bonillo , Antonia Estrella-Ramón, Andrea Muñoz-Morales Copyright (c) 2024 Creative Commons License CC-BY-NC-ND Thu, 21 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000